Vincent Willem van Gogh was born 30 March 1853. He was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work had far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. His output includes portraits, self portraits, landscapes, still lifes, olive trees and cypresses, wheat fields and sunflowers. Critics largely ignored his work until after his presumed suicide in 1890.
His shortened life, highly expressive and spontaneous use of vivid colours, broad oil brushstrokes and emotive subject matter, mean he is recognisable both in the modern public imagination by his first name as the quintessential misunderstood genius and by art historians as a supreme and pivotal aestheticist.Van Gogh had become familiar with Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist techniques and theories.
Within a short time, older ideas on art and work reappeared: ideas such as working with serial imagery on related or contrasting subject matter, which would reflect on the purposes of art. As his work progressed, he painted many Self-portraits.
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